Have you ever seen the website Gutenberg.org? It’s one of the coolest sites on the net. At Gutenberg.org you can download thousands of old books with expired copyrights, so they are in the public domain and are completely free. Most of the classic novels are on there: A Tale of Two Cities, Little Women, and the Sherlock Holmes stories to name a few. But amidst those famous titles you’ll find many obscure gems of literature, like “The Raising and Care of Guinea Pigs”, written in 1915 by one A. C. Smith.
This little book calls itself “A Complete Guide to the Breeding, Feeding, Housing, Exhibiting, and Marketing of Cavies”…the way they did it almost a hundred years ago. Some of the practices mentioned by the author seem strange, but many are quite the same as we do things now. The author speaks often about the great profit that’s to be gained by raising cavies and selling them as pets, laboratory animals, and even as a food source. If you’d like to download the whole book you can do so here: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/32189
Here are some of the highlights:
Easy to Raise.
Anyone with ordinary intelligence should be able to raise Guinea Pigs
successfully. Women do especially well with them as they require less
attention and work than chickens. Boys and girls find the raising of
them not only a pleasure but profitable and it is a splendid occupation
for them as it requires no hard or laborious work. Youngsters from 10 to
17 or 18 years old need a responsibility of some kind and the experience
gained in the raising and selling of Guinea Pigs will be very valuable
to them in addition to the money they will make. Parents will do well to
give their children a chance to raise them. To start with Guinea Pigs
does not require a large outlay of capital. By starting with just a few
and by keeping the young females it does not take long to build up a
herd of breeders that are valuable. As each female produces about 15
young a year and as these young are worth from 50c to several dollars
each, you can readily see there is a big opportunity for profit.
Suppose you begin with six females. In one year they should produce
about 90 young and the young females of the first one or two litters
should be producing before the end of the year. Therefore, it is pretty
safe to assume that from the six females and their litters you should
get every year about 120 pigs. If sold at a price of 50c each these six
females would be producing about $60 a year. These figures will show you
what 100 females should do.
Most of the [cavy] shows are under the auspices of some pet stock association … A book giving the standards as adopted by the National Pet Stock Association of America can be obtained for 50c from its secretary, C. S.Gibson, 1045 W. Warren Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Note: This “National Pet Stock Association” was founded in Detroit in 1910, and is the organization that the ARBA looks to as its origin. C.S. Gibson was, in a way, the very first ARBA secretary.
In those days there were only three cavy breeds: the English (which we now call the American), the Peruvian, and the Abyssinian. The book describes them:
The eyes of all English Cavies should be large and bold. Head and shoulders heavy, nose roman, ears drooping.
In the Abyssinians the rosettes should be as plentiful as possible and the coat rough and wiry.
In the Peruvian the main thing to be considered is the length and silkiness of the coat.
The book names some of the colors that were shown at the time. There aren’t as many mentioned as we show now, but you will recognize all the ones that it lists:
Selfs. Solid colors throughout with no odd colored hairs.
Tortoise Shells. Black and red colors with patches clear and distinct and as nearly as possible equal in size.
Tortoise and White. Red, black and white patches, each clear cut with no running in of colors. The more patches and the more uniform in size the better.
Dutch Marked. Blazed face of wedge shape. A band of white straight hair around themiddle with no blending of colors. Feet white. Very rare.
Brindle. Red and black evenly intermixed and perfectly brindled.
Agouti. They are two shades, golden and gray. The golden should be rich brown undercolor with even ticking and belly of deep red. The gray should be a light shade with even ticking and belly of silver hue.
Other Bits of Interest:
Guinea Pigs ship very easily. They go by express. Use a light but strong
box; in the summer have plenty of ventilation. Wire netting on the top
or sides of the box is good but slats and holes in the sides will do.
In the winter not so much ventilation is needed.
For food use plenty of hay together with some green food or carrots,
beets, etc. No water is necessary. Do not ship out during a real cold
spell in winter or a real hot spell in summer.
Do not have your box larger than necessary as it means added weight and
at the same time do not have it so small that they are crowded all over
Common Ailments: Going Light.
Sometimes in spite of all you can do a Guinea Pig goes light. If the
treatment for worms has no effect it may be tuberculosis. Separate at
once from the others. Give special diet of milk and bread or bran and
oats. If it does not get better destroy it as it does not pay to have
such stock around.
Common Ailments: Paralysis.
Cavies sometimes have dragging of the hind limbs. Some say alfalfa will
cause it, but it is usually from some disorder of the kidneys. Give
about 25 drops of sweet spirits of nitre three times a day and rub the
limbs with a good liniment. Feed carefully for several days and they
will often get over it.
The book apparently ends with an advertisement from a commercial cavy breeder:
For breeding, pet and experimental purposes. Any number, age,
size or sex supplied promptly.
When you have Guinea Pigs for sale, write us, as we are always
in the market. Quote price, giving number, size and sex.
CAVIES DISTRIBUTING CO.
The World’s Largest Dealers in Guinea Pigs
712 West 74th Street KANSAS CITY, MO.
BELGIAN HARES RABBITS SQUAB PIGEONS
Write me your wants and I will supply you. My =White Kings= are
the most profitable squab breeders in the world, raising
squabs weighing from a pound to a pound and a half. Mature
quickly and always command top price. I can supply mated
pairs. Write me today for particulars and price on pigeons,
rabbits and Belgian Hares.
EDWARD F. TOBENER
2828A Woodland Ave. KANSAS CITY, MO.
Hope you enjoyed these snippets from an old book about raising cavies. If you would like to see a brand-new cavy book, check out “Cavy Savvy 2-in-1” from Rabbit Smarties Publishers!
Coming next time: the holland lop that won BOB at the 2011 PaSRBA Convention and culling tips from her breeder.